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File Manager

File Manager allows cPanel users to manage and edit their files.

The File Manager Directory Selection window

When you open File Manager, perform the following steps:

  1. The File Manager Directory Selection window will appear. Select which of the four main directories you wish to view in the file window when File Manager opens:
    • The home directory (/home/user)
    • Web Root (/public_html/www)
    • Public FTP Root (/public_ftp)
    • Document Root (/public_html)
  2. If you wish to see hidden files, select the Show Hidden Files box.
  3. If you do not wish to see the File Manager Directory Selection window again, select the Skip this question box.
  4. Click Go.

The File Manager interface opens in a new browser window. The selected directory will display in the file window.


The File Manager toolbar

The File Manager toolbar shows the following functions available to manage your files:

Feature
Icon
Description
New File Creates a new file with a user-defined file extension.
New Folder Creates a new folder in the current directory.
Copy Copies selected items to a user-specified directory.
Move File Moves the selected files to a new directory.
Upload Uploads files to the selected directory.
Download Downloads selected files to your computer.
Delete Deletes selected files from the server.
Rename Renames the selected file or folder.
Edit Opens the selected files in a text editor.
Code Editor Opens the selected files in a code editor.
HTML Editor Opens the selected HTML file in a visual HTML editor. To learn more about the editor's functions, see the HTML Editor documentation.
Change Permissions Changes the read, write, and execute permissions for selected files.
View Opens the selected file so that you can view the code.
Extract Extracts the selected *.zip*.Gz, or *.Bz2 archive and stores the files in a directory.
Compress Compresses the selected files to a single *.zip*.Gz, or *.Bz2 archive and stores the compressed file in a specified directory.

Note: When a toolbar action is not available, the function icon turns gray.

  • Certain File Manager functions are designed for use with only one file at a time. Select the desired file in the file window before you attempt these actions.
  • Any attempt to RenameEdit, or View multiple files at once will only affect the first listed file in the directory.
  • The Extract and Compress functions will only work with the .zip format.


Character Encoding Verification Dialogs

When you edit a file with EditCode Editor, or HTML Editor, a window will appear to confirm the file's character encoding. Use the menu to select the correct character encoding for the file. Then, click Edit to continue.

  • Click Toggle Help to display more information about how to select the correct character encoding.
  • Click Disable Encoding Check to turn off future verification dialogs.

You can also turn Character Encoding Verification Dialogs on or off through Settings:

  1. Click Settings in the top left corner of File Manager. A new window will appear.
  2. Enable or disable Character Encoding Verification Dialogs:
    • To turn the encoding verification off, select the Disable Character Encoding Verification Dialogs checkbox.
    • To turn the encoding verification on, deselect the Disable Character Encoding Verification Dialogs checkbox.
  3. Click Save

Warning: If you choose the wrong initial encoding, your file may become corrupt. If your file displays as a series of special characters, immediately abort the edit and select the correct encoding. Do not save the file.


Select a directory

You can use the file tree or the location text box to navigate your files and folders.

There are several ways you can use the file tree (located to the left of the file window) to browse your files:

  • Click on the name of the folder you wish to view
  • Click on the  next to the icon to view a list of subfolders in that folder.
    • You can click on the  next to an expanded directory to collapse it.

Note: After you expand a list of subfolders, click on the folder name to view the folder's contents.

To use the location text box directly above the file tree, perform the following steps:

  1. Enter the path of the folder you wish to view.
  2. Click Go. The file window will display the contents of the chosen folder.


The file window

The file window displays the contents of the selected directory. If there are no files or folders in the selected folder, the file window will display the message "This directory is empty."

Information about files and subfolders will display in the following columns:

Feature
Description
File Icon Files will display an icon that corresponds to the file type. Folders will display the  icon.
Name The filename.
Size The size of the file, displayed in bytes, KB, MB, etc.
Last Modified The date and time the file was last modified.
Type The media (MIME) type and subtype.
Perms The permissions setting for the file, in octal notation. The default permission setting is 0644.

Note: You can click on a column's heading to sort the file list by that column's value.


The navigation toolbar

You can use the toolbar at the top of the file window to navigate between folders in the file window.

Feature
Description
Home Navigates directly to the home directory (/home/user).
Up One Level Navigates to the folder that contains the currently selected folder. This option is greyed out when the home directory is selected.
Back Returns to the folder that was viewed immediately before the currently selected folder.
Forward Navigates to the next folder that you viewed, after you use Back.
Reload Refreshes the displayed list of files and folders.
Select all

Selects all displayed files and folders. 

Note: Any attempt to RenameEdit, or View multiple files at once will only affect the first listed file in the directory.

Unselect all Deselects all files and folders currently displayed.

 

File and folder actions

You can right-click on files or folders in the file window to choose from a menu of actions customized to the file's type.

Feature
Displays for
Description
Download Files, Compressed Files Downloads the selected file to your computer.
View Files, Compressed Files Opens the selected file so you can view the code.
Edit Files Opens the selected files in a text editor.
Code Edit Files Opens the selected files in a code editor.
HTML Edit Files Opens the selected HTML file in a visual HTML editor.
Move Files, Compressed Files, Folders Move the selected file or folder to a new directory.
Copy Files, Compressed Files, Folders Copies the selected file or folder to a user-specified directory.
Rename Files, Compressed Files, Folders Renames a selected file or folder.
Change Permissions Files, Compressed Files, Folders Allows a user to change the read, write, and execute permissions for selected files or folders.
Delete Files, Compressed Files, Folders Deletes the selected files or folders from the server.
Extract Compressed Files Extracts the selected *.zip*.Gz, or *.Bz2 archive and stores the files in a directory.
Compress Files, Compressed Files, Folders Compresses the selected files or folders to a single *.zip*.Gz, or *.Bz2 archive and stores the compressed file to a specified directory.
Password Protect Folders

Sets a username and password to restrict access to a folder.

Leech Protect Folders

Redirects users who may have shared the password to a restricted area of your site with others. Accounts that exceed a set number of logins in a two hour period will be redirected to a selected URL, or receive an internal server error message.

Manage Indices Folders

Customizes the way users view a directory on the web.

 

Search for a file

The Search tool, located at the top right corner of the interface, allows users to search for a specific file. By default, Search will search all files in the home directory. You can also limit the search to the document root at/home/user/public_html, or to the directory displayed in the file window.

To search for a file, perform the following steps:

  1. Use the Search menu to choose the directory to search: All Your Filesonly public_html or Current Directory.
  2. Enter the desired file name in the text box.
  3. Click Go.

A new window displays the filenames that match your search. To go to a folder, or to the folder that contains the desired file, double-click on the desired item in the list. If there are no files that include your search term, you will see the message No records found.